Geology is a scientific study of planet Earth, its forms, rocks, mountains, rivers and oceans.

As a science, geology encompasses more branches:

  • Crystallography, minerology, petrology and geochemistry, which deal with matter and Earth's structure;
  • Structural geology which is a study of Earth's forms;
  • Stratigraphy and historical geologywhich study all changes on Earth;
  • Paleontology, which is a study of extinct and living forms of life inscribed into rocks;
  • Physical geology which is a study of processes that impact the Earth's landforms.


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